In situ localization of male germ cell-associated kinase (mak) mRNA in adult mouse testis: specific expression in germ cells at stages around meiotic cell division

Cell Biochem Funct. 1992 Dec;10(4):273-9. doi: 10.1002/cbf.290100411.


Biochemical analysis of the male germ cell-associated kinase (mak) gene, which was isolated recently by using weak cross-hybridization with the v-ros tyrosine kinase gene, revealed that the gene was highly expressed in mammalian testicular germ cells, but not in ovarian cells. In order to identify the cells which express the mak gene in more detail, we localized mak mRNA in frozen sections of mouse testis by non-radioactive in situ hybridization. In this study, we utilized thymine-thymine (T-T) dimerized mak cDNA as a haptenic, non-radioactive probe, and the signal was detected enzyme-immunohistochemically by using an anti-T-T antibody. As a result, mak mRNA was localized intensely in late pachytene (stage X) and diplotene (stage XI) spermatocytes, and faintly in dividing spermatocytes (stage XII) and early round spermatids (stage I-II), suggesting that the gene may play an important role in the phase around meiotic cell division, but not throughout the entire meiosis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • DNA Probes
  • Gene Expression
  • Histocytochemistry
  • Male
  • Meiosis / genetics
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / genetics*
  • Pyrimidine Dimers / radiation effects
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics*
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Spermatogenesis / genetics
  • Spermatozoa / enzymology*
  • Testis / cytology
  • Testis / metabolism
  • Ultraviolet Rays


  • DNA Probes
  • Pyrimidine Dimers
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases