Parenting of children with attention-defecit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): the role of parental ADHD symptomatology

J Atten Disord. 2003 Sep;7(1):31-42. doi: 10.1177/108705470300700104.


Objective: The present study examined the relation between parental ADHD symptomatology and parent-child behavior among 46 mothers and 26 fathers of ADHD children.

Results: Fathers' self-reports of inattention and impulsivity were strongly associated with self-reports of lax parenting both before and after parent training, and with self-reports of overreactivity after parent training. Fathers' impulsivity was also associated with more arguing during audiotaped observations of parent-child interactions prior to parent training. Mothers' self-reports of inattention were modestly associated with self-reports of laxness before and after parent training. Prior to parent training, there were non-linear relations between mothers' inattention and observations of mother-child behavior, with mothers who reported moderate levels of inattention engaging in the most negative parent-child interactions. After parent training, these relations were linear, with the mothers who reported the most inattention engaging in the most negative parent-child interactions. These results were weakened but were generally still significant when parental depression and alcohol use were controlled.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / epidemiology
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / psychology*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Depression / epidemiology
  • Depression / psychology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Impulsive Behavior / psychology
  • Male
  • Parent-Child Relations*
  • Parenting*
  • Parents / psychology*
  • Role*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires