Weight gain after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt is associated with improvement in body composition in malnourished patients with cirrhosis and hypermetabolism

J Hepatol. 2004 Feb;40(2):228-33. doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2003.10.011.


Background/aims: To search for changes in body composition and energy metabolism associated with the repeatedly observed weight gain of cirrhotic patients after portosystemic shunting.

Methods: Twenty-one patients were studied prospectively before and 6 and 12 months after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) to assess body cell mass by two independent methods (total body potassium counting: body cell mass determined by TBP, BCMTBP, bioelectric impedance analysis: body cell mass determined by BIA, BCMBIA), muscle mass (anthropometry), resting energy expenditure (REECALO) by indirect calorimetry, and nutritional intake by dietary recall analysis.

Results: Prior to TIPS patients were hypermetabolic in terms of measured vs. predicted REE (REECALO median 1423 (range 1164-1838) vs. REEPRED 1279 (1067-1687) kcal; P<0.05) and their body cell mass was lower (19.1 (10.9-33.4) vs. 31.7 (16.8-47.1) kg; P=0.001). After TIPS body cell mass (BCMBIA) increased to 23.5 (12.7-44.3) (P<0.025) and 25.7 (14.2-39.7) kg (P=0.05) at 6 and 12 months after TIPS and this was confirmed by total potassium counting (BCMTBP before TIPS: 18.8 (10.6-26.7) vs. 22.4 (12.9-28.5) kg at 6 months; P<0.01). Hypermetabolism persisted throughout the study period. Energy and protein intake increased significantly by 26 and 33%.

Conclusions: An increase of prognostically relevant variables body cell and muscle mass contributes to the weight gain after TIPS in malnourished patients with cirrhosis and hypermetabolism.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Body Composition*
  • Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage
  • Eating
  • Energy Metabolism
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Liver Cirrhosis / metabolism*
  • Liver Cirrhosis / psychology
  • Liver Cirrhosis / surgery*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Portasystemic Shunt, Transjugular Intrahepatic*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Protein-Energy Malnutrition / diet therapy*
  • Protein-Energy Malnutrition / metabolism*
  • Psychometrics
  • Rest
  • Weight Gain


  • Dietary Proteins