In medical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) it is standard to use MR scanners with a field strength of 1.5 Tesla. Recently, an ongoing development to higher field strength can be observed and a new clinical standard at 3.0 Tesla seems to be established. High field MRI with its intrinsic higher signal to noise ratio (SNR) can enable new applications of MRI in medical diagnosis, or can serve to improve existing methods. It is important to note, that the use of high field MRI is not without its limitations. Besides the SNR, other unwanted effects increase with a higher field strength. Without correction, these high field problems cause a serious loss in image quality. An elegant way to address these problems is the use of parallel imaging. In many clinical applications, parallel MRI (pMRI) is part of the standard protocol, because pMRI can enhance virtually every MRI application, without necessarily affecting the contrast behavior of the underlying imaging sequence. In high field MRI, besides the speed advantage of pMRI, the positive influence on high field specific problems and therefore on the image quality will be of major importance.