Reading and phonological awareness in Williams syndrome

Neuropsychology. 2004 Jan;18(1):29-37. doi: 10.1037/0894-4105.18.1.29.


This article describes the relationship between reading, phonological awareness abilities (PA), and intelligence in a group of 16 individuals with Williams syndrome (WS) and in a group of 16 typically developing children, matched for mental age. The individuals with WS were impaired in passage comprehension, in some areas of PA investigated (syllable deletion and rhyme detection), and in nonword reading accuracy, a measure of grapheme-phoneme conversion. This latter finding is relevant, considering that in Italy regular print-to-sound correspondence is the most practiced teaching routine in the early phases of learning to read.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Articulation Disorders / etiology
  • Articulation Disorders / physiopathology
  • Awareness*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Child
  • Comprehension / physiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Language Tests
  • Male
  • Phonetics*
  • Psycholinguistics
  • Reading*
  • Williams Syndrome / complications
  • Williams Syndrome / physiopathology*