Distribution of minerals in quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) seeds

Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2004 Jan;68(1):231-4. doi: 10.1271/bbb.68.231.


The distribution of minerals in quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) seed was examined using energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis (EDX) in combination with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Phosphorus, K, and Mg coincided in localization in embryonic tissue. Since phytin globoids have been known to localize in protein bodies in embryonic cells of quinoa seed, it is thought that P is attributed to phytic acid and that K and Mg form to phytate. Calcium and K were present in the pericarp, where the cell wall is thickly developed, suggesting that these minerals are associated with pectin. Sulfur occurred in embryonic tissues, which would be derived from sulfur amino acid residues of storage proteins concentrated in the tissues. Abrasion of quinoa seeds resulted particularly in decrease in Ca content.

MeSH terms

  • Calcium / analysis
  • Chenopodium quinoa / chemistry*
  • Electron Probe Microanalysis
  • Magnesium / analysis
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
  • Minerals / analysis*
  • Phosphorus / analysis
  • Potassium / analysis
  • Seeds / chemistry*


  • Minerals
  • Phosphorus
  • Magnesium
  • Potassium
  • Calcium