Background: Serrated adenoma is a distinct histologic colorectal lesion. There are two macroscopic types: polypoid and superficial. The aim of this study was to clarify clinicopathologic and endoscopic differences between polypoid and superficial serrated adenomas.
Methods: An analysis was conducted of the clinicopathologic and endoscopic features for 240 polypoid and 127 superficial serrated adenomas examined by colonoscopy, and the surface pit patterns of 114 polypoid and 64 superficial serrated adenomas examined by magnifying videoendoscopy.
Results: The male:female gender ratio for the polypoid serrated adenomas (3.5:1) was significantly higher than that for the superficial serrated adenomas (1.7:1). Superficial serrated adenomas were significantly larger than polypoid serrated adenomas (mean [standard deviation], respectively, 10.1 [7.9] mm vs. 6.3 [4.6] mm). In the distal segments of the colorectum, polypoid serrated adenomas were more common than superficial serrated adenomas. Granulonodular and lobular appearances at endoscopy were significantly more common for polypoid (23.3%) than for superficial serrated adenomas (7.1%). Pit patterns differed between the lesion types: polypoid serrated adenomas had type III(L) or IV pit patterns; all superficial serrated adenomas had the type II pit pattern. The relative frequency of occurrence of high-grade dysplasia and carcinoma in situ among superficial serrated adenomas (25.2%) was significantly greater than that among polypoid serrated adenomas (9.2%). The tubulovillous growth pattern was significantly more common in polypoid tumors (31.5%) than in superficial tumors (0%).
Conclusions: Polypoid and superficial serrated adenomas have different clinicopathologic characteristics and growth patterns.