Various retroviruses have been shown to encode dUTPase. The overall phylogeny of dUTPase is unclear, though. The human genome contains a significant amount of human endogenous retroviruses (HERV) representing fossilized sequences of ancient exogenous retroviruses. A few HERV families have been reported to harbor dUTPase domains. We surveyed the various HERV families for the presence of dUTPase and found that ancestors of all HERV-K families but one encoded dUTPase. With two exceptions phylogenetic analysis shows a monophyletic origin of dUTPase for the different HERV-K dUTPases. Sequences of consensus dUTPase domains suggest that the various exogenous ancestors of HERV-K once encoded active enzymes. Our analysis provides informations on dUTPase phylogeny and further shows that endogenous retroviruses provide important informations regarding retrovirus evolution.