Leptin, an adipose tissue hormone, has circadian variations in its secretion. Aims of this study were to show how circadian rhythm depends on fat tissue distribution in obese and non-obese subjects. The research was carried out on 70 subjects (37 men and 33 women) with an average body mass index (BMI) of 25.22 kg/m2. Concentration of leptin in blood was measured at 8.30 a.m., 12.30 p.m. and 6.30 p.m. Basal leptin level correlated strongly with all isolated regions of subcutaneous fat tissue in women and obese subjects. Circadian changes of blood leptin level in non-obese people are more significant than these changes in obese people. Differences in circadian pattern of leptin secretion between obese and non-obese subjects were probably caused by enlarged volume of subcutaneous fat tissue in obese people. Lean subjects have subcutaneous fat in physiological range which allows influence of some hormones (insulin or cortizol) or food intake on leptin secretion.