CD46 is a cellular receptor for bovine viral diarrhea virus

J Virol. 2004 Feb;78(4):1792-9. doi: 10.1128/jvi.78.4.1792-1799.2004.


Various monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) that recognize cell surface proteins on bovine cells were previously shown to efficiently block infection with bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) (C. Schelp, I. Greiser-Wilke, G. Wolf, M. Beer, V. Moennig, and B. Liess, Arch. Virol. 140:1997-2009, 1995). With one of these MAbs, a 50- to 58-kDa protein was purified from calf thymus by immunoaffinity chromatography. Microchemical analysis of two internal peptides revealed significant sequence homology to porcine and human CD46. The cDNA of bovine CD46 (CD46(bov)) was cloned and further characterized. Heterologously expressed CD46(bov) was detected by the MAb used for purification. A putative function of CD46(bov) as a BVDV receptor was studied with respect to virus binding and susceptibility of nonpermissive cells. While the expression of CD46(bov) correlated well with the binding of [(3)H]uridine-labeled BVDV, the susceptibility of cells nonpermissive for BVDV was not observed. However, the expression of CD46(bov) resulted in a significant increase in the susceptibility of porcine cells to BVDV. These results provide strong evidence that CD46(bov) serves as a cellular receptor for BVDV.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology
  • Antigens, CD / chemistry
  • Antigens, CD / genetics
  • Antigens, CD / immunology
  • Antigens, CD / metabolism*
  • Cattle
  • Cell Line
  • Chlorocebus aethiops
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Diarrhea Viruses, Bovine Viral / pathogenicity*
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Membrane Cofactor Protein
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / chemistry
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / genetics
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / immunology
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Receptors, Virus / chemistry
  • Receptors, Virus / genetics
  • Receptors, Virus / immunology
  • Receptors, Virus / metabolism*
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Swine
  • Vero Cells


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigens, CD
  • CD46 protein, human
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Mcp protein, mouse
  • Membrane Cofactor Protein
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Receptors, Virus
  • bovine viral diarrhea virus receptor

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AY342429