A preliminary study on the impact of a pedometer-based intervention on daily steps

Am J Health Promot. 2004 Jan-Feb;18(3):217-20. doi: 10.4278/0890-1171-18.3.217.


Purpose: To investigate the effects of an 8-week, pedometer-based lifestyle physical activity intervention on physical activity levels.

Methods: Participants were 37 college employees who volunteered to participate in the study. The intervention consisted of goal setting, pedometer use, self-monitoring, and weekly e-mail reminders. Physical activity measures (pedometer, survey) were taken at baseline and immediately following the intervention. A t-test for paired samples was used to determine significant changes in measures.

Results: Results indicate a significant increase in average daily steps (p < .01), from 8565 (+/- 3121) steps at baseline to 10,538 (+/- 3681) steps after the program. Participants who averaged fewer than 6000 steps and obese participants experienced the greatest increase.

Discussion: Although preliminary, this study indicates that the minimal contact, self-managed, pedometer-based lifestyle intervention was effective in increasing the daily physical activity of participants. Given the combination of behavioral techniques used, a recommendation for future studies would be to examine the impact of individual behavioral techniques on daily physical activity.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Health Behavior*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Monitoring, Ambulatory / instrumentation*
  • Research Design
  • United States
  • Walking / physiology
  • Walking / statistics & numerical data*