Defective translational control facilitates vesicular stomatitis virus oncolysis

Cancer Cell. 2004 Jan;5(1):51-65. doi: 10.1016/s1535-6108(03)00330-1.

Abstract

Vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) exerts potent antitumor activity, although the molecular mechanisms underlying its oncolytic properties remain to be fully clarified. Here, we demonstrate that normally resistant murine embryonic fibroblasts are rendered highly permissive to VSV replication following cellular transformation, a progression that appears to compromise the antiviral effects of interferon (IFN). Subsequent studies revealed normal dsRNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR) activation and phosphorylation of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF2) alpha. Nevertheless, eIF2B-mediated guanine nucleotide exchange activity downstream of eIF2 was frequently aberrant in transformed cells, neutralizing eIF2alpha phosphorylation and permitting VSV mRNA translation. Thus, defects in translational regulation can cooperate with impaired IFN signaling to facilitate VSV replication, and may represent a common hallmark of tumorigenesis.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • COS Cells
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chlorocebus aethiops
  • Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-2 / metabolism*
  • Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-2B / metabolism*
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Interferons / metabolism
  • Mice
  • NIH 3T3 Cells
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Biosynthesis / physiology*
  • RNA, Small Interfering / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction / physiology
  • Vesicular stomatitis Indiana virus / genetics
  • Vesicular stomatitis Indiana virus / metabolism*
  • Virus Replication / physiology
  • Viruses / metabolism
  • eIF-2 Kinase / genetics
  • eIF-2 Kinase / metabolism*

Substances

  • Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-2
  • Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-2B
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • Interferons
  • eIF-2 Kinase