The autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) or Canale-Smith syndrome is a recently described clinical entity consisting of chronic, non-malignant lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly together with hypergammaglobulinemia, positive autoantibodies and/or overt autoimmune diseases. It is caused by a genetic defect in the mechanism of programmed cell death (apoptosis) and is characterized by the presence of double-negative (TCR alpha/beta CD4- CD8-) T lymphocytes (DNT). Although well known in pediatric patients, ALPS is an unusual diagnosis in adults. The oldest reported patient was aged 54. We describe another two adult patients in whom a presenting autoimmune disease led to the diagnosis of ALPS.