Hydrodynamic effects in interacting Fermi electron jets

Phys Rev Lett. 2004 Jan 16;92(2):026803. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.92.026803. Epub 2004 Jan 13.

Abstract

We theoretically study hydrodynamic phenomena originating from electron-electron collisions in a two-dimensional Fermi system. We demonstrate that an electron beam sweeping past an aperture creates a pumping effect, attracting carriers from this aperture. This pumping effect originates from the specific electric potential distribution induced by the injected electrons. In the regions near the main stream of injected electrons, a positive potential is induced by the injected electrons. Thus, the normally repulsive Coulomb interaction leads to an attractive force in the Fermi system. This quantum pumping mechanism in a Fermi system differs qualitatively from the Bernoulli pumping effect in classical liquids. We also discuss possible experimental realizations.