Objective: To apply published scoring systems retrospectively to patients who had undergone a trial of labor after cesarean delivery to estimate whether there was a score at which a trial of labor should be discouraged.
Methods: Patients with 1 previous cesarean delivery who then delivered between January 1, 1998, and December 31, 1998, were studied. An investigator blinded to outcome assigned scores using 3 different scoring systems. Student t test, chi(2), analysis of variance, and receiver operating curve analysis were performed. P <.05 was significant.
Results: Seventy-six percent (117/153) of trial of labor patients had a vaginal birth after cesarean delivery. Successful vaginal birth after cesarean delivery patients had significantly different mean scores using all 3 scoring systems, but none of the systems accurately predicted failed trial of labor resulting in cesarean delivery. Unfavorable scores were associated with high rates of major complications.
Conclusions: An unfavorable score predicting a high rate of complications and more failed trials of labor may help in counseling patients considering trial of labor. A better system to predict the success or failure of trial of labor is needed.
Level of evidence: III