Conditional disruption of IkappaB kinase 2 fails to prevent obesity-induced insulin resistance

J Clin Invest. 2004 Feb;113(3):474-81. doi: 10.1172/JCI18712.


The inhibitor of NF-kappaB (IkappaB) kinases (IKK1[alpha] and IKK2[beta]), the catalytic subunits of the IKK complex, phosphorylate IkappaB proteins on serine residues, targeting them for degradation and thus activating the transcription factor NF-kappaB. More recently, IKK2 has been implicated in mediation of insulin resistance caused by obesity, lipid infusion, and TNF-alpha stimulation, since salicylate and aspirin, known inhibitors of IKK activity, can reverse insulin resistance in obese mouse models. To further genetically elucidate the role of IKK2 in obesity-mediated insulin resistance, we have conditionally inactivated the mouse IKK2 gene in adult myocytes by Cre-loxP-mediated recombination in vivo. We have investigated the development of obesity-induced insulin resistance in muscle-specific IKK2 knockout mice and mice exhibiting a 50% reduction of IKK2 expression in every tissue and have found that, after gold thioglucose treatment, wild-type and mutant mice developed obesity to a similar extent. Surprisingly, no difference in obesity-induced insulin resistance was detectable, either at a physiological or at a molecular level. Moreover, impaired glucose tolerance resulting from a high-fat diet occurred to the same degree in control and IKK2 mutant mice. These data argue against a substantial role for muscular IKK2 in mediating obesity-induced insulin resistance in these models in vivo.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Aurothioglucose / metabolism
  • I-kappa B Kinase
  • Insulin / metabolism
  • Insulin Resistance / physiology*
  • Mice
  • Muscle, Skeletal / enzymology
  • Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism
  • Obesity / enzymology*
  • Obesity / metabolism
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / genetics
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction / physiology


  • Insulin
  • Aurothioglucose
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Chuk protein, mouse
  • I-kappa B Kinase
  • Ikbkb protein, mouse
  • Ikbke protein, mouse