An overview of common soccer injuries. Management and prevention

Sports Med. 1992 Oct;14(4):269-75. doi: 10.2165/00007256-199214040-00005.


The most common injuries in soccer involve the ankle and knee joints, and the muscles and ligaments of the thigh and calf. Rehabilitation to restore strength and endurance after healing is extremely important to prevent a recurrence of the injury, which is much more severe and disabling than the initial injury. Sprains and strains of the hamstring and quadriceps, and injuries to the external and internal structures of the knee joints are frequent and relatively more disabling. Recent progress in the technical aspect of investigative medicine, such as magnetic resonance (MRI) imaging/quantitative only computer tomography (CT) scanning, ultrasonic imaging of soft tissues and isokinetic measurement of muscle characteristics, lead to better diagnosis and management of soccer injuries. Appropriate nutritional and physiological preparation, maintaining fluid and electrolytes during the game and restoration of the reserves following completion of exhaustive activities will help to minimise injuries.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Craniocerebral Trauma / prevention & control
  • Craniocerebral Trauma / therapy
  • Fractures, Bone / prevention & control
  • Fractures, Bone / therapy
  • Humans
  • Leg Injuries / prevention & control
  • Leg Injuries / therapy
  • Ligaments, Articular / injuries
  • Muscles / injuries
  • Shoulder Injuries
  • Soccer / injuries*