Influence of hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin complexation on piroxicam release from buccoadhesive tablets

Eur J Pharm Sci. 2004 Feb;21(2-3):251-60. doi: 10.1016/j.ejps.2003.10.029.


Interaction of piroxicam (PX) and hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HPbetaCD) was investigated in solution and in the solid state. Solubility studies demonstrated the formation of the PX-HPbetaCD inclusion complex with 1:1 stoichiometry. Equimolecular PX-HPbetaCD solid systems were prepared and characterized by differential scanning calorimetry, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray diffractometry. Modification of the release of a sparingly water-soluble drug, PX, from hydrophilic matrices using cyclodextrin complexation was evaluated. The buccoadhesive controlled release tablets for the delivery of PX were prepared by direct compression of hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose (HPMC) and Carbopol 940 (C940), which showed superior bioadhesion properties compared to HPMC. The tablets were evaluated for their dissolution, swelling and mucoadhesive properties. The in vitro release results demonstrated that matrix tablets containing the PX-HPbetaCD solid complex displayed faster PX release compared to those containing a physical mixture or "free" drug. Differences in release rates of PX from the tablets could be attributed to the presence of the polymers and to cyclodextrin complexation. The effect of the polymers on PX release can affect the drug solubility (complexation) and polymer water uptake (swelling). Higher polymer water uptake may result in higher drug solubility and diffusivity in a hydrated polymeric environment. Drug complexation affected also its diffusivity through the semipermeable membrane.

MeSH terms

  • 2-Hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin
  • Acrylic Resins / chemistry
  • Administration, Buccal
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / administration & dosage
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / chemistry*
  • Calorimetry, Differential Scanning
  • Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
  • Drug Compounding
  • Excipients / chemistry*
  • Hypromellose Derivatives
  • Methylcellulose / analogs & derivatives*
  • Methylcellulose / chemistry
  • Piroxicam / administration & dosage
  • Piroxicam / chemistry*
  • Solubility
  • Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
  • Tablets
  • Temperature
  • X-Ray Diffraction
  • beta-Cyclodextrins / chemistry*


  • Acrylic Resins
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
  • Excipients
  • Tablets
  • beta-Cyclodextrins
  • Piroxicam
  • 2-Hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin
  • Hypromellose Derivatives
  • carbopol 940
  • Methylcellulose