Novel eceriferum mutants in Arabidopsis thaliana

Planta. 2004 May;219(1):5-13. doi: 10.1007/s00425-003-1197-y. Epub 2004 Jan 31.

Abstract

We conducted a novel non-visual screen for cuticular wax mutants in Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. Using gas chromatography we screened over 1,200 ethyl methane sulfonate (EMS)-mutagenized lines for alterations in the major A. thaliana wild-type stem cuticular chemicals. Five lines showed distinct differences from the wild type and were further analyzed by gas chromatography and scanning electron microscopy. The five mutants were mapped to specific chromosome locations and tested for allelism with other wax mutant loci mapping to the same region. Toward this end, the mapping of the cuticular wax ( cer) mutants cer10 to cer20 was conducted to allow more efficient allelism tests with newly identified lines. From these five lines, we have identified three mutants defining novel genes that have been designated CER22, CER23, and CER24. Detailed stem and leaf chemistry has allowed us to place these novel mutants in specific steps of the cuticular wax biosynthetic pathway and to make hypotheses about the function of their gene products.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Arabidopsis / chemistry
  • Arabidopsis / genetics*
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / genetics
  • Chromatography, Gas
  • Mutation*
  • Plant Leaves / chemistry
  • Plant Stems / chemistry
  • Plant Stems / ultrastructure

Substances

  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • CER protein, Arabidopsis