Object: Few studies have been conducted to investigate the genomic survey of oncogene amplification in medulloblastoma. Low frequency of N-myc, C-myc, and epidermal grow factor receptor (EGFR) gene amplification (< 10%) has been reported in medulloblastoma. Previous comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) study of primary medulloblastomas has revealed chromosomal amplification on 2p21, 3p, 5p15.3, 7q, 8q24, 11q22.3, and 17q. The aim of this study was to detect common oncogenes involved in medulloblastoma tumorigenesis.
Methods: The authors studied a series of 14 samples by performing CGH and array-based CGH. The CGH analysis detected nonrandom losses on 8p, 17p, 16q, 8q, and 1p, whereas gains were found on 17q, 12q, 7q, and 1p. Array-based CGH was conducted to investigate amplification of 58 oncogenes throughout the genome of these samples. Gene amplifications identified for the first time included PGY1 at 7q21.1, MDM2 at 12q14.3-q15, and ERBB2 at 17q21.2. The highest frequencies of oncogene gain were detected in D17S1670 (61.5%), PIK3CA (46.2%), PGY1 (38.5%), MET (38.5%), ERBB2 (38.5%), and CSE1L (38.5%). The gain in gene copy numbers was confirmed in 34 additional archival medulloblastoma cases by using fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis.
Conclusions: This is the first genome-wide survey of multiple oncogene amplifications involved in the development of medulloblastoma. Gains of several candidate oncogenes such as D17S1670, ERBB2, PIK3CA, PGY1, MET, and CSE1L were frequently detected. These genes may be used as molecular markers and therapeutic targets of medulloblastomas.