A survey conducted in a relatively homogeneous group of 527 Konkani subjects revealed a high prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) despite a lack of smoking and significant obesity. Traditional risk factors (age, gender, high cholesterol, hypertension, and diabetes) were significant predictors of CAD. In addition, duration of residence in the United States (US) emerged as a new independent risk factor. Independent predictors of CAD included age, gender, ever smoking, and duration of residence in the US. We conclude that acculturation may be a major risk factor for CAD in immigrant populations.