Advanced statistics: understanding medical record review (MRR) studies

Acad Emerg Med. 2004 Feb;11(2):187-92.


Medical record review (MRR) studies have been reported to make up 25% of all scientific studies published in emergency medical (EM) journals. However, unlike other study designs, there are no standards for reporting MRRs and very little literature on the methodology for conducting them. The purpose of this article is to provide the reader with methodological guidance regarding the strengths and weaknesses of these types of studies.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Confidentiality
  • Data Collection / methods
  • Forms and Records Control / methods
  • Humans
  • Medical Audit / ethics
  • Medical Audit / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Medical Audit / methods*
  • Medical Audit / standards
  • Medical Records*
  • Quality Control
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Research Design*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sample Size
  • Sampling Studies
  • Statistics as Topic / methods*