Dissecting regulatory networks by means of two-dimensional gel electrophoresis: application to the study of the diauxic shift in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Proteomics. 2004 Feb;4(2):364-73. doi: 10.1002/pmic.200300564.


Using a proteomic approach based on the two-dimensional (2-D) gel analysis of synthesized proteins, we investigated the involvement of the Snf1 kinase pathway in the regulation of gene expression during the diauxic shift in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. For this purpose, we used a mutant strain deleted for SNF4, the gene coding for the activator subunit of Snf1p. The levels of synthesis of 82 spots were found to be affected by the absence of Snf4p at the diauxic shift. Half of the proteins which exhibit a reduced synthesis in the mutant strain are proteins whose genes are controlled by the transcriptional activator Cat8p, a target of Snf1p. Proteins with an increased level of synthesis in the mutant strain were also observed. Among them are glycolytic enzymes whose synthesis is strongly reduced when wild-type cells enter the diauxic shift. This observation suggests that Snf1p exerts a negative control on the expression of glycolytic genes during the diauxic transition. The results obtained in this study were compiled with those previously obtained by similar proteomic approach with other regulatory factors involved in the diauxic shift. This compilation illustrates how 2-D gel electrophoresis can be used to elucidate the network of regulators participating to complex biological process.

MeSH terms

  • AMP-Activated Protein Kinases
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal / physiology
  • Mutation
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Proteome / analysis*
  • Proteome / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / analysis*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction / physiology
  • Trans-Activators / metabolism
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*


  • CAT8 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Proteome
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transcription Factors
  • SNF1-related protein kinases
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • SNF4 protein, S cerevisiae
  • AMP-Activated Protein Kinases