Effects of dietary phosphorus and protein in dogs with chronic renal failure

Am J Vet Res. 1992 Dec;53(12):2264-71.


Four diets were formulated to contain: 16% protein and 0.4% phosphorus--diet 1; 16% protein and 1.4% phosphorus--diet 2; 32% protein and 0.4% phosphorus--diet 3; and 32% protein and 1.4% phosphorus--diet 4. Forty-eight dogs were fed diet 1 for 3 months after surgical reduction of renal mass, then were allotted to 4 groups of 12 dogs each, with equal mean values for glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Dog of groups 1-4 were fed diets 1-4, respectively, for 24 months. Data collected from the dogs during and at termination of the study were analyzed statistically for effects of dietary protein, phosphorus (P), time, and interactions between these factors. During the 24 months of study, 24 dogs developed uremia and were euthanatized for necropsy. Necropsy also was performed on the remaining 24 dogs after they were euthanatized at the end of the study. Dog survival was significantly enhanced by 0.4% P diets (vs 1.4% P diets), but survival was not significantly influenced by amount of dietary protein. The 0.4% P diets (vs 1.4% P diets) significantly increased the period that GFR remained stable before it decreased, but dietary protein did not have significant effect. Significant blood biochemical changes attributed to P, protein, and time were identified during the study. Terminally, plasma parathyroid hormone concentration was significantly increased from prediet values in all groups of dogs. Urine protein excretion was not significantly affected by dietary amount of either protein or P, when measured by either timed urine collection or urine protein-to-creatinine ratio.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Dietary Proteins / blood
  • Dietary Proteins / pharmacology*
  • Dietary Proteins / urine
  • Dog Diseases / diet therapy*
  • Dog Diseases / physiopathology
  • Dogs
  • Female
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate / veterinary
  • Kidney / metabolism
  • Kidney / pathology
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / diet therapy
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / physiopathology
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / veterinary*
  • Male
  • Minerals / metabolism
  • Parathyroid Hormone / blood
  • Phosphorus, Dietary / blood
  • Phosphorus, Dietary / pharmacology*
  • Phosphorus, Dietary / urine


  • Dietary Proteins
  • Minerals
  • Parathyroid Hormone
  • Phosphorus, Dietary