Refractive lens exchange versus iris-claw Artisan phakic intraocular lens for hyperopia

J Refract Surg. 2004 Jan-Feb;20(1):20-4. doi: 10.3928/1081-597X-20040101-04.


Purpose: To study a paired-match comparison between refractive lens exchange with pseudophakic IOL implant (RLE) and Artisan phakic IOL for high hyperopia.

Methods: Nineteen eyes (12 patients, 20 to 41 years old) with an Artisan phakic IOL (Model 203: 1.00-D increment) for hyperopia from +2.75 to +9.25 D were matched to 19 eyes (15 patients, 26 to 46 yr) with hyperopia from +2.75 to +7.50 D, who had refractive lens exchange (pseudophakic IOL implantation; lenses: 0.50-D increment). Average paired-match difference was 1.13 D and 7.7 years of age.

Results: At 1 month after surgery, 84% of refractive lens exchange/pseudophakic IOL eyes and 94% of Artisan phakic IOL eyes had a spherical equivalent refraction within +/- 1.00 D of emmetropia; 58% and 68% of eyes, respectively, were within +/- 0.50 D (P = .97). No eye lost lines of best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA) and no significant changes in BSCVA were found in any eye at 1 month after surgery (P = .17). The percentage of eyes with uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) of 20/40 or better improved from 79% to 89% of eyes at 1 to 2 months after phakic IOL; it remained at 89% to 82% of eyes from 1 to 2 months after refractive lens exchange/ pseudophakic IOL. The coefficient of correlation showed statistically better accuracy (intended vs. achieved refraction; P = .035) for the Artisan phakic IOL (R = 0.83) than for refractive lens exchange/ pseudophakic IOL (R = 0.50).

Conclusions: Spherical equivalent refraction outcome and BSCVA after surgery were similar for both procedures. The Artisan phakic IOL in carefully selected patients provided a better overall outcome for young patients with high hyperopia whose accommodation was preserved, as compared to refractive lens exchange.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Humans
  • Hyperopia / surgery*
  • Lens Implantation, Intraocular / methods*
  • Lens, Crystalline / physiology*
  • Lens, Crystalline / surgery*
  • Lenses, Intraocular*
  • Middle Aged
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Refraction, Ocular / physiology
  • Visual Acuity