Regulation of releasable vesicle pool sizes by protein kinase A-dependent phosphorylation of SNAP-25

Neuron. 2004 Feb 5;41(3):417-29. doi: 10.1016/s0896-6273(04)00038-8.

Abstract

Protein kinase A (PKA) is a key regulator of neurosecretion, but the molecular targets remain elusive. We combined pharmacological manipulations of kinase and phosphatase activities with mutational studies on the exocytotic machinery driving fusion of catecholamine-containing vesicles from chromaffin cells. We found that constitutive PKA activity was necessary to maintain a large number of vesicles in the release-ready, so-called primed, state, whereas calcineurin (protein phosphatase 2B) activity antagonized this effect. Overexpression of the SNARE protein SNAP-25a mutated in a PKA phosphorylation site (Thr-138) eliminated the effect of PKA inhibitors on the vesicle priming process. Another, unidentified, PKA target regulated the relative size of two different primed vesicle pools that are distinguished by their release kinetics. Overexpression of the SNAP-25b isoform increased the size of both primed vesicle pools by a factor of two, and mutations in the conserved Thr-138 site had similar effects as in the a isoform.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alanine / genetics
  • Animals
  • Blotting, Western
  • Calcineurin / metabolism
  • Calcium / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Carbazoles / pharmacology
  • Carrier Proteins / pharmacology
  • Catecholamines / metabolism
  • Cattle
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chromaffin Cells
  • Colforsin / pharmacology
  • Cyclic AMP / pharmacology
  • Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases / metabolism*
  • Drug Interactions
  • Embryo, Mammalian
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Exocytosis / physiology
  • Humans
  • Indoles / pharmacology
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins*
  • Kidney
  • Membrane Potentials / drug effects
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism*
  • Models, Biological
  • Mutation
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / metabolism*
  • Patch-Clamp Techniques
  • Peptide Fragments / pharmacology
  • Phosphorylation
  • Photolysis
  • Pyrethrins / pharmacology
  • Pyrroles / pharmacology
  • Secretory Vesicles / drug effects
  • Secretory Vesicles / metabolism*
  • Synaptosomal-Associated Protein 25
  • Threonine / genetics
  • Time Factors
  • Transfection

Substances

  • Carbazoles
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Catecholamines
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Indoles
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Pyrethrins
  • Pyrroles
  • SNAP25 protein, human
  • Synaptosomal-Associated Protein 25
  • protein kinase inhibitor (6-22)
  • Colforsin
  • cypermethrin
  • Threonine
  • KT 5720
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
  • Calcineurin
  • Alanine
  • Calcium