Control of cutaneous vascular conductance and sweating during recovery from dynamic exercise in humans

J Appl Physiol (1985). 2004 Jun;96(6):2207-12. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.01201.2003. Epub 2004 Feb 6.


The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of 1) passive (assisted pedaling), 2) active (loadless pedaling), and 3) inactive (motionless) recovery modes on mean arterial pressure (MAP), skin blood flow (SkBF), and sweating during recovery after 15 min of dynamic exercise. It was hypothesized that an active recovery mode would be most effective in attenuating the fall in MAP, SkBF, and sweating during exercise recovery. Six male subjects performed 15 min of cycle ergometer exercise at 70% of their predetermined peak oxygen consumption followed by 15 min of 1) active, 2) passive, or 3) inactive recovery. Mean skin temperature (T(sk)), esophageal temperature (T(es)), SkBF, sweating, cardiac output (CO), stroke volume (SV), heart rate (HR), total peripheral resistance (TPR), and MAP were recorded at baseline, end exercise, and 2, 5, 8, 12, and 15 min postexercise. Cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) was calculated as the ratio of laser-Doppler blood flow to MAP. In the active and passive recovery modes, CVC, sweat rate, MAP, CO, and SV remained elevated over inactive values (P < 0.05). The passive mode was equally as effective as the active mode in maintaining CO, SV, MAP, CVC, and sweat rate above inactive recovery. Sweat rate was different among all modes after 8 min of recovery (P < 0.05). TPR during active recovery remained significantly lower than during recovery in the passive and inactive modes (P < 0.05). No differences in either T(es) or T(sk) were observed among conditions. Given that MAP was higher during passive and active recovery modes than during inactive recovery suggests differences in CVC may be due to differences in baroreceptor unloading and not factors attributed to central command. However, differences in sweat rate may be influenced by factors such as central command and mechanoreceptor stimulation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Blood Pressure
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Heart Rate / physiology
  • Humans
  • Lung / physiology*
  • Models, Biological
  • Oxygen Consumption
  • Pressoreceptors / physiology
  • Regional Blood Flow
  • Rest / physiology*
  • Skin / blood supply*
  • Sweating / physiology*
  • Vascular Resistance / physiology