Oral azithromycin suspension has been prescribed to >80 million patients. Children find the color and taste of the oral suspension of azithromycin agreeable, and the drug is well-tolerated. On average 9% of patients have treatment-related adverse events, which are most frequently gastrointestinal complaints. The side effects are mild to moderate and very seldom necessitate withdrawal of the treatment. In addition to the conventional 3-day 10-mg/kg/day regimen and the 10 mg/kg on Day 1 followed by 5 mg/kg on Days 2 to 5 regimens, single dose 30 mg/kg and 3-day 20-mg/kg/day regimens are well-tolerated, although these new dosages are associated with more adverse effects.