Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analyses in HIV-1 primary neurological disease

Ital J Neurol Sci. 1992 Nov;13(8):667-83. doi: 10.1007/BF02334971.


This paper will focus on CSF findings in HIV-1 Neurological Disease (ND). Why use CSF as exploration window of the HIV-CNS involvement? Traditionally, CSF analysis has been an effective diagnostic method as well as a means of monitoring treatment in several infectious and immune pathologies of the CNS. Consequently there is an abundance of mature background information [113, 145, 147] particularly in terms of detecting infectious agents, using IgG findings as immunological indexes, and utilizing CSF findings to map the evolution of ND. We will explore the papers that utilize CSF variables as dependent measures to explore the effects of HIV disease, particularly HIV ND, cited in Index Medicus and MEDLINE data base, and published in Spanish, Italian and English, between 1985 to 1991. We will restrict our review to those studies that exclude HIV cases with CNS opportunistic infections or neoplasms, and thus focus on what the CSF can tell us about the primary effects of HIV on the brain as defined above. The primary long-term goal is to find some elements of the CSF that would lead to an understanding of the etiopathogenesis of HIV ND. However, an almost equally important aim is to determine which CSF variables may be clinically predictive of HIV ND occurrence and progression. The latter variables can also be expected to provide the best measures of HIV ND treatment efficacy. This is particularly important since it is our contention that treatment of HIV ND will eventually be initiated and monitored on the basis of laboratory markers of HIV ND, most likely from the CSF. Finally, this summarized information would be useful in drafting a CSF profile in order to have a reference pattern for cases with complications. The data of this review will be broken down, when the information permits, according to clinical stage and presence or absence of clinical manifestations of ND.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • HIV Infections / cerebrospinal fluid*
  • HIV-1*
  • Humans
  • Nervous System Diseases / cerebrospinal fluid*