Healing rates of plantar ulcers in leprosy and diabetes

Lepr Rev. 1992 Dec;63(4):365-74. doi: 10.5935/0305-7518.19920044.

Abstract

Comparison was made of wound healing time in a consecutive series of leprosy and diabetic patients with plantar ulceration. In the leprosy group, 66 of 70 (94%) ulcers healed in a mean time of 42.7 (+/- 36.1) days, and in the diabetic group, 75 of 80 (94%) ulcers healed in a mean time of 39.7 (+/- 32.1) days. Analysis of all healed ulcers using a general linear model found wound depth (p < 0.03), and wound diameter (p < 0.05) significantly related to ulcer healing time. Diagnosis, healing devices (cast, splint and cut-out sandal), age and sex were not significant. In diabetic subjects a regression model including depth, diameter and age explained 36% of the variation in healing time. A meaningful regression model was not found in leprosy patients.

MeSH terms

  • Casts, Surgical
  • Diabetes Complications*
  • Foot Ulcer / etiology
  • Foot Ulcer / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Leprosy / complications*
  • Middle Aged
  • Shoes
  • Splints