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. Oct-Dec 1992;36(4):937-44.

Evaluation of the Kidney as a Potential Site of Avian Influenza Virus Persistence in Chickens

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  • PMID: 1485877

Evaluation of the Kidney as a Potential Site of Avian Influenza Virus Persistence in Chickens

D E Swayne et al. Avian Dis. .

Abstract

One-day-old chickens were inoculated intravenously with one of three low-pathogenicity avian-origin influenza isolates. On day 5 postinoculation (PI), the frequency of influenza virus isolation from cloacal swabs following challenge with each isolate ranged from 83% to 100% for clinically normal euthanatized chickens. Influenza virus was also frequently isolated from kidneys of these chickens (47%) and from chickens that died (100%). Kidneys positive for virus isolation had lesions of nephrosis and/or acute nephritis, and influenza viral nucleoprotein was demonstrated in nuclei and cytoplasm of necrotic renal tubule epithelium. On sampling days 28 and 45/60 PI, influenza virus was neither isolated from nor immunohistochemically demonstrated in kidneys (0/125); however, the kidneys (47%) did have chronic histologic lesions that suggested previous influenza virus infection of the kidneys. Influenza virus was isolated from cloacal swabs of two of 44 chickens on day 28 PI, but all cloacal swabs were negative for virus recovery on sampling day 45/60 PI (0/81). These results indicate that replication of influenza virus in renal tubule epithelial cells did not result in persistence of type A influenza virus in this immunologically privileged site.

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