[The typology of chronic posttraumatic stress disorder]

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 2004;104(1):17-23.
[Article in Russian]

Abstract

Psychopathological chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was studied in relation to clinical peculiarities of depression included in PTSD structure. One hundred and sixty-five patients, 124 men and 41 women, aged 25-48 years, were examined in general outpatient clinics. PTSD duration was from 6 to 24 months. A stress was caused by situations related to combat events (60.6%), close person's death (25.4%), assault with physical and moral violence (8.2%) and rape (5.8%). With regard to depression structure and dominating affect, 4 PTSD types--anxious (36.6%), dysphoric (26.1%), apathic (20%) and somatoform (17.7%), were distinguished. Also, their significance for the formation of patient's personality features is emphasized. A role of depression in syndrome formation in chronic PTSD is suggested.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anxiety / etiology
  • Chronic Disease
  • Depression / etiology
  • Female
  • Guilt
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Memory Disorders / etiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Phobic Disorders / etiology
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / complications
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / psychology*