Patient and technique survival on peritoneal dialysis in the United States: Evaluation in large incident cohorts. Secular trends in dialysis require a frequent re-examination of outcomes in patients on renal replacement modalities. We examined three large cohorts of patients initiating peritoneal dialysis (PD) in 1999, 2000, and 2001 (total of > 30,000 patients) to ascertain trends in patient outcomes, technique success, and predictors of both parameters of interest. Trends toward improved patient survival, higher technique success, and increasing use of cycler-based therapy, with more recent calendar years were noted. Age and diabetes were clear predictors of patient survival, but did not appear to influence technique success. Technique success was higher in patients on automated PD (APD) than in patients on continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD), but this difference was mostly concentrated in the first year on therapy. Patients starting PD after a failed allograft had excellent survival. We conclude that the current state of PD in the United States is characterized by improving patient outcomes, higher technique success, and a predominance of use of cycler-based therapy. Several opportunities for improving technique success amenable to practice interventions have been identified. The high success of PD in patients with failed allograft suggests that it is beneficial to utilize this modality more frequently in this patient group than current practice.