A randomized, controlled trial was conducted to determine efficacy of the Isotoner and the Futuro compression gloves in 39 patients with hand synovitis secondary to rheumatoid arthritis. After 7 days of nighttime treatment, both brands of gloves were found to decrease subjective symptoms of pain and stiffness (p < 0.05). In addition, swelling of the proximal interphalangeal joints decreased, while range of motion, rate of finger motion, and grip strength all increased (p < 0.05). Compression gloves should be used with caution in patients with bilateral carpal tunnel syndrome, because 12 of 13 such patients experienced worsening of their symptoms following one nighttime wearing of compression gloves. While both gloves were found to be efficacious in improving the signs and symptoms of hand synovitis, neither glove was found to be superior to the other. Patient preferences related to glove composition and fit may ultimately determine which glove to prescribe.