Cultural, gender, and psychosocial influences on HIV-related behavior of African-American female adolescents: implications for the development of tailored prevention programs

Ethn Dis. 1992 Fall;2(4):381-8.


This paper presents epidemiologic data describing the risk of HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases for African-American female adolescents relative to their white peers. Diverse cultural, psychosocial, and gender influences affect behavior; these should be considered in the development and implementation of culturally sensitive HIV prevention interventions tailored toward African-American female adolescents. These influences include sex-role socialization issues, the African-American family; issues related to racial identity; communication styles common among African-American youth; normative influences in adolescent heterosexual relationships; and factors affecting feelings of self-efficacy, empowerment, and gender rules in the African-American female adolescent. Strategies for incorporating cultural, psychosocial, and gender influences into the development of HIV risk-reduction interventions are suggested. Culturally specific interventions tailored toward this population may be more effective at motivating the adoption and maintenance of HIV-preventive behaviors.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Black or African American
  • Culture*
  • Family
  • Female
  • Gender Identity
  • HIV Infections / epidemiology
  • HIV Infections / ethnology*
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Prevalence
  • Risk-Taking
  • Self Concept
  • United States / epidemiology