Retinoblastoma gene product Rb accumulates during myogenic differentiation and is deinduced by the expression of SV40 large T antigen

J Biochem. 1992 Oct;112(4):427-30. doi: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.jbchem.a123916.

Abstract

The cell growth suppression activity of the retinoblastoma gene (RB) product Rb is considered to be regulated by phosphorylation, whereas no positive correlation has been demonstrated between the activity and the amount of Rb protein in numbers of cell types examined. Both the RB mRNA and the protein were dramatically induced during terminal differentiation of the mouse skeletal muscle cell line C2 and its transfectant C2SVTts11, which stably harbors the SV40 T antigen gene linked to an inducible promoter. They were gradually deinduced when the terminally differentiated C2SVTs11 myotubes reentered the cell cycle through the induction of the large T antigen. Thus, the accumulation of Rb protein is likely to be required for growth arrest during differentiation of at least these myogenic cells, which have low basal levels of the protein.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antigens, Polyomavirus Transforming / genetics
  • Antigens, Polyomavirus Transforming / metabolism
  • Antigens, Polyomavirus Transforming / physiology*
  • Cell Differentiation / physiology
  • Cell Division / physiology
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Genes, Retinoblastoma / genetics
  • Mice
  • Muscles / cytology
  • Muscles / physiology*
  • Phosphorylation
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Retinoblastoma Protein / genetics
  • Retinoblastoma Protein / metabolism
  • Retinoblastoma Protein / physiology*
  • Transfection

Substances

  • Antigens, Polyomavirus Transforming
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Retinoblastoma Protein