Perforating eye injuries due to intraocular foreign bodies

Med J Malaysia. 1992 Sep;47(3):212-9.


The results of sixty-four perforating eye injuries with intraocular foreign bodies (IOFB) treated at University Hospital over ten years were reported. Compared to an earlier report we found that the population at risk was the same and consisted of patients under 35 years (70%), males (95.3%) and work related (86%). The commonest causes of IOFB were hand hammer (64.1%) and grass cutting (20.3%). We also noted that while the incidence of cases had increased by 23%, the final visual outcome has improved significantly due to advances in preoperative diagnosis and surgical techniques. Preoperative factors found to have a statistically significant effect on the final visual outcome were the size of the IOFB, poor initial visual acuity, and the presence of the following complications: cataract, iris damage and vitreous haemorrhage. The outcome was also worse in posterior segment IOFBs but this was not statistically significant.

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Occupational
  • Adult
  • Eye Foreign Bodies / complications*
  • Eye Foreign Bodies / epidemiology
  • Eye Foreign Bodies / therapy
  • Eye Injuries, Penetrating / epidemiology
  • Eye Injuries, Penetrating / etiology*
  • Eye Injuries, Penetrating / therapy
  • Female
  • Hospitals, University
  • Humans
  • Malaysia / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Treatment Outcome