Bronchiectasis in children with lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia and acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Plain film and CT observations

Pediatr Radiol. 1992;22(8):603-6; discussion 606-7. doi: 10.1007/BF02015366.


In a review of 77 HIV positive children seen between 1981 and 1990, 32 were diagnosed as having lymphocytic interstitial pneumonitis). Four of the LIP group developed bronchiectasis, a finding not previously reported. The precise factors leading to the bronchiectasis are unclear. All patients had chronically consolidated lung with volume loss. A history of recurrent bacterial superinfection was not noted in any of the cases. With more cases of HIV positive children living longer, bronchiectasis, long known to occur in primary immunologic disorders, will probably be more frequently noted.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome*
  • Bronchiectasis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • HIV Seropositivity
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Pulmonary Fibrosis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed