Persons with a history of a sexual transmitted disease (STD) are at increased risk for infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The extent to which women with a previous history of a STD report currently practicing protective behaviors against STD transmission is examined. Specifically, whether having experienced one or more previous episodes of an STD was related to current STD/HIV preventive practices was studied. Of the study group, 36% had at least one prior STD episode. Results of bivariate analysis show no relationship between previous STDs and current STD/HIV preventive practices: 47% of women with no previous STD episode, 64% of women with 1 previous episode, and 46% of women with 2 or more previous STD episodes reported currently practicing moderate to high levels of STD/HIV prevention methods. To adjust for potentially confounding variables, logistic regression analyses were also performed. The logistic regression model included age, alcohol use with sex, drug use with sex, marital status, and perceived risk of becoming infected with an STD in the next year. Results from the logistic regression analyses also showed no relationship between prior STD episode and current level of preventive practices against STD/HIV. Variables found to be significantly associated with level of STD/HIV preventive practices were marital status, age, and drug use with sex. These findings suggest that greater advantage should be taken of the opportunities presented when women are diagnosed with an STD to teach individuals at risk of acquiring STDs or HIV to practice risk-reduction behaviors.