[Median-term (4 months) treatment with glibenclamide + metformin substituting for glibenclamide + fenformin lowers the lacticemia levels in type-2 diabetics (NIDDM)]

Clin Ter. 1992 Dec;141(12):483-92.
[Article in Italian]

Abstract

60 NIDDM patients, mean age (68 +/- 3 years), BMI (25 +/- 5.1 kg/m2), fasting blood glucose (FG) (170 +/- 10 mg/dl), mean daily blood glucose (MDBG) (180 +/- 10 mg/dl), daily glycosuria (GLU) (15.6 +/- 9 g/24 hours), HbA1c (7.9 +/- 0.6%), basal (1.2 +/- 0.2 ng/ml) and stimulated (3.89 +/- 1.3 mg/ml) C peptide (CP) treated by ASS (7.5 +/- 75 mg), after a strict 4 months follow-up period, were assigned to G + M treatment (7.5 +/- 1.500 mg) during a 4 months period. During G+M treatment FG (171 +/- 13 at t0 to 165 +/- 11 mg/dl: p < 0.01 at t4) varied significantly. MDBG (180 +/- 10 at t0 to 175 +/- 12 mg/dl at t4:p < 0.05), GLU (16 +/- 9 at t0 to 11 + 6 g/24 hours at t4; p < 0.01), HbA1c (8.1 +/- 0.4 at t0 to 7.6 +/- 0.3% at t4; p < 0.01). Basal CP remained unchanged in G+M period and varied significantly during ASS period (1.3 +/- 0.3 ng/ml at t4; p < 0.01) and stimulated CP (unchanged during ASS) was reduced during G+M (4.19 +/- 0.4 to 4.04; p < 0.05). Highly significant variations were observed for LAC (28.4 +/- 2.1 at t0 to 14.9 +/- 0.6 mg/dl: p < 0.01 during G+M treatment). G+M therapy was found to be more effective and safer than ASS therapy in regard to glucose metabolism and lactate production in a selected group of NIDDM patients.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Blood Glucose / analysis
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / drug therapy*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology
  • Drug Evaluation
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Glyburide / therapeutic use*
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A / analysis
  • Glycosuria / urine
  • Humans
  • Lactates / blood*
  • Lactic Acid
  • Male
  • Metformin / therapeutic use*
  • Middle Aged
  • Phenformin / therapeutic use*

Substances

  • Blood Glucose
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A
  • Lactates
  • Lactic Acid
  • Metformin
  • Phenformin
  • Glyburide