In three experiments, rats learned a maze discrimination where the location of food was defined either by reference to extra-maze cues alone, or by both extra- and intra-maze cues. Experiment 1 confirmed earlier results in showing that the presence of intra-maze cues failed to overshadow learning about extra-maze cues, in spite of the former's apparently greater salience. Experiment 2, however, suggested that this result was an artefactual consequence of differences between groups in the proportion of reinforced and unreinforced trials during the course of discriminative training. In Experiment 3, the discrimination was taught by a series of reinforced and unreinforced placement trials, and a significant overshadowing effect was observed. Intra-maze and extra-maze cues seem to compete for association with reinforcement in exactly the same way as any other cues.