Introduction: Sézary syndrome (SS) is a cutaneous T-cell lymphoma characterized by erythroderma, lymphadenopathy and circulating atypical T cells. Median survival after diagnosis is 10 yr, with chemotherapy resistance being a major problem in advanced disease. Alemtuzumab (Campath-1H) is a monoclonal antibody directed against the lymphocytic antigen CD52, expressed on B- and T-cells. Alemtuzumab is approved for relapsing chronic B-cell leukemia and seems to be active also in T-cell lymphomas such as T-cell prolymphocytic lymphoma, SS and mycosis fungiodes.
Case history: A 32-yr-old male patient presented with advanced stage, extensively pretreated SS with heavily itching erythroderma, peripheral lymphadenopathy, circulating Sézary cells and bone marrow infiltration. The disease had not responded to PUVA/interferon-alpha and progressed on chemotherapy with CHOP, 2-CDA, vinorelbine, etoposide and liposomal doxorubicin. Following treatment with alemtuzumab (30 mg i.v. three times per week for 10 wk), itching resolved rapidly and an almost complete remission was achieved within 3 months after starting this treatment. At 12-month follow up, no disease progression was present.
Conclusion: In accordance with previous data, this single case underlines the potent activity of alemtuzumab in advanced, chemotherapy-refractory SS.