Diagnosis of type I allergy is based on anamnesis, provocation testing, and serological determination of total and specific IgE. Currently, in vivo and in vitro diagnostic tests employ allergen extracts prepared from various allergen sources (e.g., pollen, mites, animal dander, moulds, foods, venoms, etc.). The application of recombinant DNA technology to the field of allergen characterization has allowed to reveal the molecular nature of the most common allergens. To date a continuously increasing number of allergen sequences has become available and panels of recombinant allergens-assembling the epitope complexity of natural allergens sources-can be produced. The use of recombinant allergens instead of crude, natural extracts for allergy diagnosis allows us to determine the individual IgE reactivity profile of each patient. To enable a comprehensive analysis of the patient's IgE binding pattern to a large number of individual allergens, a new type of serological test is required. In this paper, we applied microarray technology to create a multi-allergen test system, based on microarrayed recombinant allergens.