Male cancer: a qualitative study of male breast cancer

Breast. 2000 Dec;9(6):343-8. doi: 10.1054/brst.2000.0173.


Breast cancer is a rare condition in males. There is a dearth of information about the psychological and social impact of this condition. Data from six in-depth interviews with men who had breast cancer identified seven major issues. These were associated with delay in diagnosis, shock, stigma, body image, causal factors, the provision of information and emotional support. The findings from this small study suggest that there are psychological and social factors for men diagnosed with breast cancer which have implications for their care and management. The recommendations arising from this study are the development of a structured education programme aimed at all primary health-care professionals; with availability of pre and postoperative gender-specific information to alleviate the potential psychological problems associated with the diagnosis; and provision of appropriate support/counselling services for partners of patients.