Semiparametric analysis of recurrent events data in the presence of dependent censoring

Biometrics. 2003 Dec;59(4):877-85. doi: 10.1111/j.0006-341x.2003.00102.x.


Dependent censoring occurs in longitudinal studies of recurrent events when the censoring time depends on the potentially unobserved recurrent event times. To perform regression analysis in this setting, we propose a semiparametric joint model that formulates the marginal distributions of the recurrent event process and dependent censoring time through scale-change models, while leaving the distributional form and dependence structure unspecified. We derive consistent and asymptotically normal estimators for the regression parameters. We also develop graphical and numerical methods for assessing the adequacy of the proposed model. The finite-sample behavior of the new inference procedures is evaluated through simulation studies. An application to recurrent hospitalization data taken from a study of intravenous drug users is provided.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Biometry / methods
  • Computer Simulation
  • Epilepsy / physiopathology
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • HIV Infections / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Models, Statistical
  • Recurrence
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Statistics, Nonparametric*
  • Time Factors