Importance of the first two minutes of heart rate recovery after exercise treadmill testing in predicting mortality and the presence of coronary artery disease in men

Am J Cardiol. 2004 Feb 15;93(4):445-9. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2003.10.039.


We retrospectively analyzed exercise treadmill and coronary angiographic data of 2,193 men to compare heart rate (HR) recovery with angiographic and mortality data during a follow-up study of 7 +/- 2.7 years. Only the first 2 minutes of HR recovery predicted mortality (p <0.001), and the HR decrease during the second minute of recovery predicted the presence of coronary artery disease (p <0.05).

MeSH terms

  • Coronary Disease / diagnosis*
  • Coronary Disease / mortality*
  • Exercise Test*
  • Heart Rate / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • ROC Curve
  • Regression Analysis
  • Time Factors
  • United States
  • Veterans