The epitheliogenesis imperfecta locus maps to equine chromosome 8 in American Saddlebred horses

Cytogenet Genome Res. 2003;102(1-4):207-10. doi: 10.1159/000075750.


Epitheliogenesis imperfecta (EI) is a hereditary junctional mechanobullous disease that occurs in newborn American Saddlebred foals. The pathological signs of epitheliogenesis imperfecta closely match a similar disease in humans known as Herlitz junctional epidermolysis bullosa, which is caused by a mutation in one of the genes (LAMA3, LAMB3 and LAMC2) coding for the subunits of the laminin 5 protein (laminin alpha3, laminin beta3 and laminin gamma2). The LAMA3 gene has been assigned to equine chromosome 8 and LAMB3 and LAMC2 have been mapped to equine chromosome 5. Linkage disequilibrium between microsatellite markers that mapped to equine chromosome 5 and equine chromosome 8 and the EI disease locus was tested in American Saddlebred horses. The allele frequencies of microsatellite alleles at 11 loci were determined for both epitheliogenesis imperfecta affected and unaffected populations of American Saddlebred horses by genotyping and direct counting of alleles. These were used to determine fit to Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium for control and EI populations using Chi square analysis. Two microsatellite loci located on equine chromosome 8q, ASB14 and AHT3, were not in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in affected American Saddlebred horses. In comparison, all of the microsatellite markers located on equine chromosome 5 were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in affected American Saddlebred horses. This suggested that the EI disease locus was located on equine chromosome 8q, where LAMA3 is also located.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Americas
  • Animals
  • Chromosome Mapping / methods*
  • Chromosome Mapping / statistics & numerical data
  • Chromosome Mapping / veterinary*
  • Genetic Markers / genetics*
  • Horse Diseases / genetics*
  • Horses / genetics*
  • Skin Diseases, Genetic / genetics*
  • Skin Diseases, Genetic / veterinary*


  • Genetic Markers