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Comparative Study
, 36 (1), 13-20

Bleeding Duodenal Ulcer: Comparison Between Helicobacter Pylori Positive and Helicobacter Pylori Negative Bleeders

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Comparative Study

Bleeding Duodenal Ulcer: Comparison Between Helicobacter Pylori Positive and Helicobacter Pylori Negative Bleeders

A B Adamopoulos et al. Dig Liver Dis.

Abstract

Background and aims: To provide a direct comparison of Helicobacter pylori-positive subjects bleeding from duodenal ulcer with H. pylori-negative ones, in terms of severity of bleeding and outcome.

Patients and methods: A case-control study was prospectively conducted in 105 H. pylori-negative duodenal ulcer bleeders and same number of sex- and age-matched H. pylori-positive ones.

Results: NSAID consumption was more common among H. pylori-negative subjects (81%) compared to their H. pylori-positive counterparts (58.1%, P < 0.001). H. pylori-negative bleeders were found to need more often haemostasis (55.2% versus 31.4%, P < 0.001) or surgical intervention (15.2% versus 4.8%, P = 0.011) and to have a greater proportion of rebleeding (32.4% versus 13.3%, P = 0.001), a more prolonged hospitalisation (11.6 +/- 4.1 versus 6.2 +/- 1.5 days, P < 0.001) and a higher rate of in-hospital mortality (15.2% versus 3.8%, P = 0.005). In the overall population (N = 210), H. pylori negativity, among other known risk factors, emerged as independent predictor (odds ratio: 3.2; 95% CI: 1.5, 11.2; P = 0.004) of an unfavourable outcome (surgery or death).

Conclusions: Duodenal ulcer bleeding in H. pylori-negative subjects appears to be more severe, to have a higher rate of rebleeding, and to lead more often to surgery or fatality compared to the vast majority of H. pylori-positive duodenal ulcer bleeders.

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