Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 1006, 104-21

Synthesis, Electronic Properties, and Applications of Indium Oxide Nanowires


Synthesis, Electronic Properties, and Applications of Indium Oxide Nanowires

C Li et al. Ann N Y Acad Sci.


Single-crystalline indium oxide nanowires were synthesized using a laser ablation method and characterized using various techniques. Precise control over the nanowire diameter down to 10 nm was achieved by using monodisperse gold clusters as the catalytic nanoparticles. In addition, field effect transistors with on/off ratios as high as 10(4) were fabricated based on these nanowires. Detailed electronic measurements confirmed that our nanowires were n-type semiconductors with thermal emission as the dominating transport mechanism, as revealed by temperature-dependent measurements. Furthermore, we studied the chemical sensing properties of our In(2)O(3) nanowire transistors at room temperature. Upon exposure to a small amount of NO(2) or NH(3), the nanowire transistors showed a decrease in conductance of up to five or six orders of magnitude, in addition to substantial shifts in the threshold gate voltage. Our devices exhibit significantly improved chemical sensing performance compared to existing solid-state sensors in many aspects, such as the sensitivity, the selectivity, the response time and the lowest detectable concentrations. We have also demonstrated the use of UV light as a "gas cleanser" for In(2)O(3) nanowire chemical sensors, leading to a recovery time as short as 80 seconds.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 4 PubMed Central articles

Publication types

LinkOut - more resources