Control of the size of the human muscle mass

Annu Rev Physiol. 2004:66:799-828. doi: 10.1146/annurev.physiol.66.052102.134444.


This review is divided into two parts, the first dealing with the cell and molecular biology of muscle in terms of growth and wasting and the second being an account of current knowledge of physiological mechanisms involved in the alteration of size of the human muscle mass. Wherever possible, attempts have been made to interrelate the information in each part and to provide the most likely explanation for phenomena that are currently only partially understood. The review should be of interest to cell and molecular biologists who know little of human muscle physiology and to physicians, physiotherapists, and kinesiologists who may be familiar with the gross behavior of human muscle but wish to understand more about the underlying mechanisms of change.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Physiological
  • Exercise / physiology
  • Humans
  • Muscle Proteins / metabolism
  • Muscle, Skeletal / growth & development*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism
  • Muscle, Skeletal / pathology*
  • Muscular Diseases / pathology*
  • Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
  • Signal Transduction


  • Muscle Proteins